What does Involuntary guarding mean in medical terms?
Guarding is an involuntary response of the muscles. Guarding is a sign that your body is trying to protect itself from pain. It can be a symptom of a very serious and even life-threatening medical condition. If you have abdominal rigidity, you should see your doctor right away.
What does it mean when a patient is guarding?
Medical Definition of guarding
: involuntary reaction to protect an area of pain (as by spasm of muscle on palpation of the abdomen over a painful lesion)
Is guarding voluntary or involuntary?
Spasm or rigidity is the involuntary tightening of the abdominal musculature that occurs in response to underlying inflammation. Guarding, in contrast, is a voluntary contraction of the abdominal wall musculature to avoid pain.
What does guarding feel like?
Guarding involves voluntarily flexing your abdominal muscles, making your abdomen feel firm to the tough. Rigidity is abdominal firmness that’s not related to flexing muscles. Your doctor can tell the difference by gently touching your abdomen and seeing if firmness decreases when you relax.
Why is my lower belly so hard?
When your stomach swells and feels hard, the explanation might be as simple as overeating or drinking carbonated drinks, which is easy to remedy. Other causes may be more serious, such as an inflammatory bowel disease. Sometimes the accumulated gas from drinking a soda too quickly can result in a hard stomach.
What is abnormal guarding?
Abdominal guarding is also known as ‘défense musculaire’. Guarding is a characteristic finding in the physical examination for an abruptly painful abdomen (an acute abdomen) with inflammation of the inner abdominal (peritoneal) surface due, for example, to appendicitis or diverticulitis.
What does guarded mean as a prognosis?
A “guarded” prognosis is when the person formulating the opinion simply does not have enough information to know or to foretell what the outcome may be. For example, suppose an evaluee has undergone a recent surgery and the recovery period has not been completed. This could lead to a guarded prognosis.
What does abdominal guarding indicate?
Abdominal guarding is detected when the abdomen is pressed and is an indication that inflammation of the inner abdominal (peritoneal) surface may be present due, for example, to appendicitis or diverticulitis.
What are the peritoneal signs?
- Abdominal pain or tenderness.
- Bloating or a feeling of fullness in your abdomen.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Loss of appetite.
- Low urine output.
Why do gynecologists push on your stomach?
Pressing on your stomach is a way to find out if the size of your internal organs is normal, to check if anything hurts, and to feel if anything unusual is going on. Looking, listening, and feeling are all part of a physical exam.
Can you hear bowel sounds with ascites?
You should note tympany over the air-filled bowel and dullness over areas of collected fluid. Have the patient lie facing you. Percuss from the upper side of his abdomen downward. If ascites is present, the fluid shifts downward, so you’ll hear tympany at first, then dullness over the area with fluid.